Changes in Perception of Gender Roles: Returned Migrants

Article Title: Changes in Perception of Gender Roles: Returned Migrants

Author(s): Ruhi Khalid

Institute(s): Beaconhouse National University, Lahore

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2011, Vol. 9, 16-20

Correspondence Address: Dr. Ruhi Khalid, Beaconhouse National University, Lahore. Email:


This study explored how migration influenced gender role perceptions. A comparison of returned migrants with non-migrants was made to see the effects of migration-repatriation. Sample of 120 men and women returned migrants were interviewed and Islamic Attitude towards Women Scale (Khalid & Freiz, 2004) was administered. t-test results showed significant differences in attitude towards gender roles. Changes in the returned migrant groups were also related to a number of demographic factors. Results also suggested that returned migrant men and women either take on new patterns of behavior or maintain the traditional ones only when these are congruent with financial concerns of the family or can be integrated into living conditions in Pakistan upon return.

Keywords: migration, repatriation, perception of gender roles, task sharing behavior

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