Adaptation of the Frustration Discomfort Scale

Author: Nazia Zafar

Supervisor: Dr. Aisha Sitwat

Degree: BS

Year: 2005-2009

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study was carried out to adapt ‘the frustration discomfort scale’ on general population of Pakistan. In this research a sample of 276 adult participants (200 clinical, 76 non-clinical) was taken from different hospitals (for clinical sample) and universities (for non-clinical sample) of Lahore. To take clinical sample with moderate to severe illness symptom checklist-R was used. After translating Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS) into Urdu with standard translation methods i.e. forward and back translation, it was administered to the sample. Level of Frustration Tolerance (LFT) scale of Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL-R) was used to find out validity of FDS. After taking consent from the participants, data was collected from both clinical and non-clinical groups. Exploratory factor analysis with principle component analysis was carried out to find the factors for the local population. The four factors emerged were Discomfort Intolerance, Achievement and Control, Emotional Intolerance, and Entitlement. These factors were different from original scale as different items gathered together to form factors and hence were given different names. Cut off points were calculated for each factor separately for clinical and non-clinical groups. Percentile ranks for these two groups were also calculated to find relative position of each individual on every factor of FDS.

Keywords: Frustration Tolerance, Discomfort, Adaptation.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245