Risk Factors of Academic Stress and Health Risk Behaviors in Intermediate Students

Tahera Anwar (M.Phil 2012)

Supervisor: Dr. Iram Fatima

This study aimed to explore how parental bonding, college connectedness, and emotional intelligence were related to academic stress and health risk behaviors (HRB) in intermediate science and arts students and how academic stress mediated the relationship between risk factors (parental bonding, school connectedness, and emotional intelligence) and HRB in students. A sample of 225 intermediate science and arts students with age range of 16 to 19 years (M = 17.41, SD = .95) was collected from public sector colleges of Lahore. Urdu versions of assessment measures included Parental Bonding Instrument (Pedersen, 1994), College Connectedness Scale (Resnick et al., 1997), Educational Stress Scale for Adolescents (Sun, Dunne, Hou, & Xu, 2011), Emotional intelligence Scale (Batool & Khalid, 2009), Health Risk Behaviors Questionnaire (Anwar, 2012) and a demographic questionnaire. Cronbach alpha for all the scales used in the study was found to be satisfactory. Results of correlational analysis revealed that mother’s care and father’s care were positively related to emotional intelligence (EI) and negatively related to HRB. Mother’s control and father’s control were positively related to academic stress, and HRB. EI was negatively related to academic stress and HRB and academic stress was positively related to HRB. However, academic stress did not mediate between risk factors and HRB.

Key words: parental bonding, college connectedness, emotional intelligence, academic stress, health risk behaviors


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