Translation and Validation of Aggression Questionnaire in a Pakistani Children Cohort

Article Title: Translation and Validation of Aggression Questionnaire in a Pakistani Children Cohort

Author(s): Rabia Iftikhar & Farah Malik,

Institute(s): Department of Psychology, GC University, Lahore

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2014, Vol. 12, No.1, 39-45

Correspondence Address: Ms. Rabia Iftikhar, Department of Clinical Psychology, GC University, Lahore 54000. Email:


Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) has been extensively used in literature for measuring aggression in children and adolescents. The purpose of the present study was to translate and validate the Buss and Perry 29 items Aggression Questionnaire and to examine its measurement model with originally postulated factorial structure given by Buss and Perry (1992). The scale was translated from English to Urdu through standardized forward backward translation procedure. To determine the measurement model of the translated scale, the data was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis to assess its factorial structure on Pakistani children. Construct validity of the scale was determined through convergent and discriminant analysis. Moreover, internal reliability and gender differences were also examined in the present study. The results of the measurement model suggested through confirmatory factor analysis revealed four factor solution of AQ originally suggested by Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire. The results of the reliability and validity analyses showed that the scale is highly reliable and valid for screening aggression in children of Pakistan. Gender differences have also been discussed in the light of the present research.

Keywords: aggression, measurement model, gender differences, Pakistan

Leave a Reply