Spiritual Intelligence Religiosity and Life Satisfaction

Author: Khadeeja Munawar

Supervisor: Ms. Omama Tariq

Degree: MPhil

Year: (2008-2012)

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research was conducted to explore the relationship between spiritual intelligence, religiosity and life satisfaction in older adults. it was hypothesized that there is likely to be a significant relationship of spiritual intelligence and religiosity with life satisfaction in older adults. A non probability purposive sampling technique was used. a sample of 100 (50 males, 50 females) older adults was collected from different areas of Lahore. Satisfaction with life scale (SWLS, diener, emmons, larsen, & griffin, 1985), integrated spiritual intelligence scale (ISIS, amram & dryer, 2008) and religious personality scale of Muslim religiosity-personality measurement inventory (MRPI, krauss & hamzah, 2006) were used for assessment. Pearson product moment correlation and independent sample t-test were used to analyze data. A correlation was found between spiritual intelligence, religiosity and life satisfaction in adults. Life satisfaction and five facets of spiritual intelligence were negatively correlated. A positive correlation was found between life satisfaction and two facets of religiosity. Gender differences were found in the terms of spiritual intelligence and life satisfaction. Adults who attended religious organizations were more satisfied with their lives, had more spiritual intelligence and had lesser religiosity as compared to those who did not attend religious organizations. These findings have important implications for providing better living conditions to the older people so as to improve and raise their standards of living.

Keywords: Spiritual intelligence, religiosity, life satisfaction, older adult.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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