Role of Parental Expectation, Career Salience and Career Decision Making

Author: Sadia Hussain

Supervisor:  Dr. Rafia Rafique

Degree: MPhil

Year: (2010-2012)

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research highlighted to find the role of parental expectations and career salience in career decision making. It was hypothesized that career decision making is significantly predicted by parental expectations and career salience. It was further hypothesized that parental expectations will be different for male and female students. Another hypothesis was that male compared to female students will differ on career salience. It was further hypothesized that male as compared to female students will differ on career decision making. Within group research design was used. A Non-probability purposive sampling technique was employed. The sample consisted of 200 students (100 males and 100 females) studying in colleges situated in the city of Lahore. Career decision making by (Al-Kalbai & Salleh, 2010), Career Salience Questionnaire by (Greenhaus, 1971) and Parental Expectations Scale by (Wang & Heppner, 2002) were employed to measure career decision making, career salience and role of parental expectations. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to infer whether career decision making is predicted by parental expectation and career salience. Independent sample t-test was used to find out gender differences. The results highlighted that career decision making can be predicted by career salience. No statistically significant difference was found in parental expectations for female and male students. Males were found to score higher on career salience as compared to their female counterparts. Moreover females were found to be better at making career decision. This research could help career counselors to better guide young entrepreneurs in their decisions. This research can also help psychometric psychologists to develop tools for assessing career paths. Moreover the research adds to the theoretical knowledge on the subject of career decision making and career salience.

Keywords: parental expectation, career salience, career decision making.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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