Thesis Title: Resilience and Psychological Distress in the Residents of Polluted Areas of Lahore
Author Name: Irum Sultan
Supervisor: Shahnila Tariq
Department: Institute of Applied Psychology
University: Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Phone: 92-42-9231245
The aim of the current research was to investigate the relationship between resilience and psychological distress in the residents of polluted areas of Lahore. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a relationship between resilience and psychological distress in the residents of polluted areas of Lahore. Correlational research design and purposive sampling technique was used to collect the data from adults (N = 200; male = 110 and female = 90) with age range between 18 to 65 years (M = 28.43, SD = 9.38). The data was collected from different areas of Lahore where construction for development of Lahore was going on. A demographic information sheet, State- Trait Resilience Scale (STRS) (Hiew, 2000) and Psychological Distress (K10) (Kessler, 2002) were used as assessment measures. Data was analyzed by using Pearson Product Moment Correlation, Hierarchal Regression; Independent sample t-test and one way ANOVA. The results revealed that resilience and its three subscales i.e. inter-state resilience, intra-state resilience and inter-trait resilience were negatively correlated with psychological distress. Furthermore, it was found that age and status of father alive were significantly positively correlated with psychological distress but birth order and mother’s occupation were negatively correlated with psychological distress. The present research raises implication for environmental psychology and social psychology and suggests an approach that aims to focus on the management to overcome polluted situation.
Resilience, psychological distress, pollution, construction work.