Psychological Distress, Functional Impairment and Coping Strategies Used By Flood Survivors

Author: Tanveer Aslam Sajeel

Supervisor: Ms. Shahnila Tariq

Degree: MPhil

Year: (2009-2011)

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The objective of the study was to find out the relationship between psychological distress, functional impairment and coping strategies used by flood survivors. It was hypothesized that psychological distress, functional impairment and coping strategies are correlated. A total sample of 60 (30 males and 30 females) flood survivors was take from different areas of District Muzaffergarh. The psychological distress was assessed by using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K 10). The functional impairment was assessed by using the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale Self-Report (WFIRS-S). Coping strategies used by the survivors was assessed by using the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ). A correlation analysis was carried out to find the relationship between the variables. Simple regression analysis was used to determine the better predictor of psychological distress and functional impairment. A nonsignificant negative relationship between psychological distress and functional impairment as well as between psychological distress and coping strategies was found, whereas a significant positive relationship between functional impairment and coping strategies was observed. However religious focused coping strategies and avoidance focused coping strategies was used by the survivors with psychological distress, and active practical coping strategies were found to be used by functionally impaired survivors.

Keywords: psychological distress, functional impairment, coping strategies, flood survivors.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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