Perceived Familial Relationship Patterns and Coping in Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder: A Collective Case Study

Author: Najma Tauheed

Supervisor: Dr. Iram Bokhery

Degree: MS

Year: 2008-2010

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


There is scarcity of research work on Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). This study focused three main questions: familial factors leading towards BPD, familial relationship patterns and coping. A collective case study was conducted including four participants. Data was accumulated by conducting in- depth interviews. Combined approach of Creswell (1998) and Wolcott (1994) was used for analysis. Analyses revealed various leading factors: psychodynamic (object relations, negative childhood experiences and defensive functioning), behavioral (reinforcement, vicarious learning and invalidating environment), cognitive (early-maladaptive schemas and cognitive distortions), existential (confluence and retroflection) and dysfunctional family interactions. Participants perceived their family members as rejecting, over-controlling, discriminating and/or neglecting. Avoidant and emotion focused coping was found to be used frequently by the participants. Clinical, research, social and educational implications are discussed.

Keywords: Borderline Personality Disorder, Case Study, Coping, Familial Relationships.

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