Effects of Change in Medium of Instruction on Academic Achievement of Students: A Qualitative Approach

Author: Tayyaba Shaheen 

Supervisor: Ms. Shahnila Tariq

Degree: Msc

Year: (2009 – 2011)

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


Present research was conducted to investigate the effects of change in medium of instruction on academic achievement of students. A total number of 50 students (25 = males, 25 = females) were recruited from seventeen different departments of University of Punjab. It was investigated that either change in medium of instruction affect academic achievement of students. Survey method was used as a procedure of data collection. A self- developed structured open ended questionnaire comprising was used in order to get responses of the students regarding change in medium of instruction. Academic achievement was measured by marks obtained in last and recent exams. Content analysis was carried out to analyze the responses. Frequencies showed that change in medium of instruction have an impact on students’ academic achievement. Other factors which affect the students’ academic achievement are level of satisfaction, role of teachers and less proficiency in English. Many previous studies are consisted with the findings of present research. These findings have implications for educational institutions, so that timely counseling could be provided to the students for effective coping to these problems.

Keywords: academic achievement, level of satisfaction, medium of instruction.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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