Effect of Self Evaluation on Narcissism and Self Esteem

Author: Maryam Maqsood

Supervisor: Ms. Afifa Anjum

Degree: MPhil

Year: (2010-2012)

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research was conducted to investigate the effect of self evaluation on narcissism and self esteem. It was hypothesized that narcissism and self esteem are correlated and self evaluation can affect both narcissism and self esteem. Experimental research design was used. Sample was drawn in two steps. Initially 64 students were taken on the basis of convenience. Participants completed a 40 item version of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (N, Raskin & Terry, 1988) and the 10-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1979). Scores obtained by the participants on Narcissistic Personality Inventory were distributed into quartiles and 12 of the participants (4th quartile) were selected for experiment that scored high on Narcissistic Personality Inventory. The researcher obtained consent of the participants for a focus group discussion as well as videotaping of the discussion. After focus group, participants were asked to watch their video and rate their performance on 7 point rating scale. Then again participants completed a 40 item version of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Correlation analysis indicated no significant correlation between pre intervention self esteem and narcissism. A significant correlation between post intervention self esteem and post intervention narcissism was found in high narcissism group.Self esteem increased after self evaluation but there was no change in narcissism due to self evaluation. Findings of this study have some important implications for understanding the nature of self-esteem and narcissism. Research has shown a strong correlation between self-esteem and self-evaluations. Self evaluation can effectively used for improvements of self esteem. This present research gave the new direction for the future researches.

Keywords: narcissism, self esteem, self evaluation.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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