Correlates of Posttraumatic Growth in Patients Diagnosed with Coronary Heart Disease

Author: Syeda Mariam Masood

Supervisor: Dr. Rafia Rafique

Degree: MPhil

Year: (2010-2012)

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The purpose of this research was to investigate the correlates of Posttraumatic Growth (PTG) in patients diagnosed with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). The sample consisted of 80 patients (60 males) and (20 females) drawn through non probability based purposive sampling technique from two government hospitals situated in the city of Lahore. It was hypothesized that posttraumatic growth is associated with optimism and coping styles (problem focused coping and emotion focused coping). It was further hypothesized that there are gender differences in PTG and optimism. Self administered standardized scales translated into Urdu language; Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (Tedeschi& Calhoun, 1996), Life Orientation Test-Revised (Scheier, 1994) and Brief Cope Scale (Carver, 1997) were used to measure posttraumatic growth, optimism and coping respectively. The above proposed hypotheses were inferred by carrying out hierarchical multiple regression. Results of study indicated that PTG is significantly predicted by optimism and problem focused coping. Moreover males were found to be more optimists as compared to females. Though, no statistically significant differences were found on posttraumatic growth between male and female patients with coronary heart disease.

Keywords: posttraumatic growth, coronary heart disease, optimism, coping styles.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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