Construction and Validation of Perceived Dimensions of Parenting Scale (PDPS)

Article title: Construction and Validation of Perceived Dimensions of Parenting Scale (PDPS)

Author(s): Syeda Shahida Batool

Institute(s): Department of Psychology, GC University, Lahore

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 2016, Vol. 14, No.2, 15-25

Correspondence Address: Syeda Shahida Batool, Department of Psychology, Government College University Lahore, Pakistan; e-mail:


The study was designed to construct a valid and reliable scale meant for adolescents to measure the dimensions of parenting. A mixed method approach was used to construct the scale. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was run to explore the factor structure of the scale. A Varimax rotation method was used, which yielded six factors (viz., supportive, controlling, compassionate, aggressive, avoidant, and orthodox/conventional parents), and accounted for 60% of the variance. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) validated the findings of the exploratory factor analysis. The sample for confirmatory factor analysis comprised 208 boys and 292 girls, whose ages ranged between 13 and 19 years (Mage = 16.58, SD = 5.18). This convenient sample was recruited from urban and rural areas of five divisions of Punjab (Pakistan). The CFA supported the measurement structure of parenting dimensions retained after EFA, except for the last factor (avoidant parents), which was excluded from the final model, leaving 35 items in the final scale. The Cronbach‟s alpha coefficients for factors ranged from .51 to .85. Convergent and divergent validity of the scale was also determined.

Keywords: Dimensions of parenting, mixed method, Varimax rotation, convergent validity

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