Parental Acceptance–Rejection, Attachment Styles and Life Orientation in Youth

Thesis Title: Parental Acceptance–Rejection, Attachment Styles and Life Orientation in Youth

Author Name: Iqra Jabeen

Supervisor: Farah Malik

Year: 2017

Degree: MSC

Department: Institute of Applied Psychology

University: Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245


This research was conducted to examine the relationship between parental acceptance–rejection, attachment styles and life orientation in youth. It was hypothesized that indifference/neglect, hostility/aggression, undifferentiated rejection is likely to be positively related to pessimism. It was also hypothesized that there is likely to be a positive relationship between anxiety attachment style and pessimism. Life orientation in youth will be predicted by parental acceptance-rejection and attachment styles (close, depend and anxiety). A sample of (N = 125) boys and girls was taken. Long form of Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (Rohner, 2004) was used to access parental acceptance-rejection. Adult Attachment Scale (Collins, 1996) was used to access attachment styles and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) (Scheier, Carver & Bridges, 1994) was used to access optimism and pessimism. The Cronbach alpha reliabilities were computed for parental acceptance – rejection (warmth/affection, indifference/neglect, hostility / aggression and undifferentiated rejection) for both mother and father, adult attachment scale (close, depend, anxiety) and life orientation test (optimism, pessimism). Results showed that there is positive relation between father warmth and optimism. There is a negative relationship between father’s neglect and optimism. There is a negative relationship between mother’s neglect and optimism. There is negative relation between father’s undifferentiated reject and optimism. Mother’s hostility/aggression and father’s indifference/neglect are emerged to be negative predictors of optimism.


Attachment styles, life orientation.

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