Development and Validation of University Teacher’s Evaluation Scale

Article Title: Development and Validation of University Teacher’s Evaluation Scale

Author(s): Iram Altaf, Anila Kamal, and Bushra Hassan

Institute(s): National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2013, Vol. 28, No. 1, 155-178

Correspondence Address: Bushra Hassan, Department of Psychology, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan. E-mail:


The present research aimed at the development and validation of an indigenous scale for evaluation of effectiveness of University teaching. The research has been carried out in two studies. First study dealt with the development of University Teacher’s Evaluation Scale (UTES). The items of the scale were empirically determined for content validation, and factor analysis on university students (N = 300) including male (n = 150) and female students (n = 150). The results indicated that UTES as an internally consistent single factor scale. Study II of the present research was conducted on independent sample of university students (N = 30) to establish the psychometric properties of UTES. The convergent validity was established with the help of Peshawar University Teacher’s Rating Scale (PUTRS; Riaz, 2000) and both scales showed UTES as valid and reliable instrument for measuring teaching effectiveness. There exist nonsignificant difference between gender of students in evaluation of male teacher and female teachers respectively.


Keywords: development, validation, teaching effectiveness, factor analysis, convergent validity

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